- International humanitarian aid is really starting to arrive at Kigali airport: 14 landings of cargo planes in 14 hours since the runways reopened last night [July 31]. They have been restored to working order by American troops. Some of these planes have been chartered by Germany, Great Britain, Australia, Canada or even the UN. About a hundred American soldiers work at the airport. The US Secretary of Defense said it would take 3,000 US troops in the coming days to support the humanitarian operation.
- In addition a first contingent of 60 British was to arrive this evening in Rwanda. They will be 600 in the next two weeks. On the spot, the figures are terrible: 50,000 refugees are said to have died in the camps, and that in just two weeks. These are figures provided by UNICEF. The intervention of the French military could extend beyond the deadline of August 22. This is what Edouard Balladur suggested yesterday [July 31] during a whirlwind visit to Goma.
- Today humanitarian organizations are fighting on two fronts: cholera and dysentery. More and more refugees want to return home to escape the disease.
- Returning candidates, refugees draw on their last resources. At the main post, controls have been remarkably lightened. But on the road which plunges towards Kigali, the new authorities fulfill a very specific task: to supervise those who return. An easy mission: some too weak have no choice, others seem to have quickly changed their minds about the new masters of the country.
- The omnipresent military patrols, however, can do nothing against the health situation of thousands of people exhausted by days of marching. New camps for displaced people are springing up on the way back. Same images as in Zaire, same concern. Malnutrition and cholera are already taking their toll.
- In the deserted town of Ruhengeri, there are indeed a few columns of refugees. But here, politics has the clear advantage over humanitarianism. Priority of the new government in Kigali: regain control of the population. The bloodless Rwanda needs duly re-educated executives to reconcile the country. Deus Kagiraneza, "F.P.R., Prefect of Ruhengeri": "That does not exclude that the ringleaders, the leaders of these massacres, of this genocide will be prosecuted by the international community and will be brought to trial".
- The French Red Cross sent this morning to Goma a cargo plane loaded with 100 tons of goods, including 23 of medicines, five water treatment stations and all-terrain vehicles. The leaders of this organization hope to send one plane per week in this way.