The genocide of the Tutsi of Rwanda in 1994 is emblematic of the catastrophe that has hit the entire Great Lakes Africa for twenty years. It has not been the fruit of a cyclical fury, nor an ethnographic or biological inevitability, but it is the very modern product of an extremist option, playing racism as a weapon of control of power. Indeed, this conditioning of a whole country would have been impossible without the sustainable inscription in the culture of this region of Africa of a racialist ideology, discriminating, under the Hutu and Tutsi labels, of the natives and the
invaders , the Rwandan
real people majority and a
race of feudal. This book decrypts the construction of this little-known ideology, which opposes
true Africans to
false negroes, those who have been called Hamites since the 1860s in Africanist literature. This maturation occurs both in Europe, in the history of anthropology, and in Africa, in the logic of colonial policies, and it is played out over two centuries, well before the crisis of the 1990s, and till today. The racial pattern called
Hamitic was born from the same intellectual matrix as that between Aryans and Semites, which ignited Europe in the years 1930-1940.