France Genocide Tutsi

Database about France role

in the Tutsi genocide

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While so-called experts claim that the Tutsi's genocide has not been prepared before April 6, 1994, one has to listen to Jean Carbonare who, returning from Rwanda, warned the televiewers on January 28, 1993 about the massacres of tutsi men and about the support of the murderers by France.

Monique Mas
Paris-Kigali 1990-1994 - Colonial glasses, saber politics and humanitarian anointing for a genocide in Africa
Éditions L'Harmattan, 1999

La France au cœur du génocide des Tutsi by Jacques Morel

Version v2.21, June 8, 2017, 65 Megs, 1596 pages

Hubert Védrine's confession at Defence and Force Armies Commission, National Assembly, April 16, 2014

1933 Pagès, Albert
Au Ruanda, sur les bords du lac Kivu (Congo belge). Un royaume hamite au centre de l'Afrique. T. I

In « A hamite kingdom in central Africa », Father Pagès, influenced by De Gobineau, writes the history of Rwanda in terms of races. « The word Hamites is used to identify the Batutsi. The community of origin of the Hamites with the Semites (Egyptians or Abyssinians) seems out of dispute ».

24 mars 1957 Kayibanda, Grégoire
Note sur l'aspect social du problème racial indigène au Ruanda (Le manifeste des Bahutu)

« The departure of the European could reduce [the Muhutu] in a servitude worse than the first ».

6 juin 1961 De Lacger, Louis
Ruanda

In this story of Ruanda, canon de Lacger defines stereotypes that will fuel genocidal propaganda. « Batutsi are, no doubt, the latest to come to Rwanda [...] Their supremacy is not disputed. What is it stemming from ? From three points. The racial one, their physical type superiority [...] ; the other economic : they are magnates, whose wealth is made up of large herds of cattle [...] ; the third policy : they are men born for the command ». (p. 51)

11 octobre 1990 Lanxade, Jacques
Note à l'attention de Monsieur le Président de la République. Objet : RWANDA - Situation

France is fighting against « Tutsi forces ».

Décembre 1990 
Kangura No. 6 : L'Appel à la conscience des Bahutu, suivi des Dix Commandements

The Call to the conscience of the Bahutu, followed by the Ten Commandments of Muhutu. « Bahutu must stop pitying Batutsi »

21 septembre 1992 Nsabimana, Deogratias
Définition et identification de l'ENI

« The main enemy is the Tutsi [...] who has never recognized and does not yet recognize the realities of the 1959 Social Revolution and who wants to regain power ».

11 mars 1993 Martres, Georges
TD Kigali 11 mars 1993 - Position du CDR sur les accords de Dar es-Salaam

The French ambassador shares the point of view of the Coalition for the Defense of the Republic (CDR) which judges that President Habyarimana is « worn out » and « finally failed everything ».

May 2, 1994 Keating, Colin
Security Council : Rwanda

Rwanda and France sought to amend opening paras to remove assertion that Government forces were responsible for the bulk of the killings.

6 mai 1994 Quesnot, Christian
Note à l'attention de Monsieur le Président de la République

In the middle of the genocide, while the RPF hunts the killers of eastern Rwanda, General Quesnot is worried about the creation of a « Tutsiland » with the help of Anglo-Saxons and writes to president Mitterrand : « We have the means and the relays of an indirect strategy that could restore a certain balance ».

26 septembre 1933 Servranckx, André
Territoires du Ruanda Urundi. Résidence du Ruanda. Territoire d'Astrida. Rapport de Sortie de Charge. Etabli par M. Servranckx André, Administrateur Territorial de Ière Cl. [Première Classe]. ayant administré le Territoire d'Astrida depuis le 27 Aout 1932. 69 pages.

« One can write that distinction Batutsi - Bahutu does not include in the eyes of the native, as for us, a distinction of race, but of wealth and influence. A Muhutu owner of cows is a Mututsi »

11 mars 1994 Claes, Willy
Livraison d'armes [par la France]

80 tons of shells, rockets, mortars, France continues its arms deliveries to the FAR in Kigali despite the Arusha peace agreement. Willy Claes, Belgian Foreign Minister, reports that the Secretary-General of the United Nations is worried about this.

12 avril 1994 Brazeal, Aurelea
Colonel Blames Right Wing Military for Kigali's Nightmare

Colonel Rusatira denounces the secret organization Amasasu for triggering the massacres

5 mai 1994 Haesendonck, Yves
Rwanda - Conférence de presse

The Rwandan Foreign Minister's visit to Paris was aimed at asking France to decode the black box of the plane shot down.

6 mai 1994 Goblet
Entretien avec l'ambassadeur Marlaud

Visiting Dar-es-Salaam, ambassador Marlaud tells his Belgian counterpart that he had advised them to take Twagiramungu as Prime Minister

12 mai 1994 Goblet
Entretien avec M. A. Gasana, ancien Ministre des Affaires étrangères et de la Coopération du Rwanda

From his meeting with M. A. Gasana, former Minister of Foreign Affairs of Rwanda, the Belgian ambassador in Dar es Salaam holds that the guilt of the presidential guard and the Rwandan army in the assassination of President Habyarimana and the massacres that have followed is virtually no doubt.

9 août 1994 Goblet
Rwanda : Situation à Kigali le 6 et le 7 avril 1994

Major Ntambabazi Charles, commander of the Kanombe transport company, reveals that two para-commando companies were moved from Kanombe camp to the Kimuhurura Presidential Guard camp on April 1 or 2, 1994.

2 septembre 1994 Artiges, Guy
Audition de François Nzabahimana

Former Captain Barril met with Rwandan government officials in Gisenyi at the end of May - early June 1994. He was introduced by Colonel Serubuga. He was accompanied by three mercenaries of white ``race'' within which a mortar firing specialist.

8 juillet 1998 Quilès, Paul
Audition de M. le Préfet Claude Silberzahn, directeur général de la DGSE (1989-1993) (huis clos)

The DGSE regretted, since 1991, the increasing commitment of the French military apparatus in the Rwandan affair and recommended in writing and orally, as early as 1992, the military disengagement of France.

18 septembre 2008 Minnaert, Stefaan
Les Pères Blancs et la Société Rwandaise durant l'Époque Coloniale Allemande (1900 ­-1916). Une rencontre entre cultures et religions, in Les Religions au Rwanda, défis, convergences et compétitions, Actes du Colloque International des 18-19 septembre 2008 à Butare/Huye, Editions de l'Université Nationale du Rwanda, Septembre 2009, pp. 53-101.

Stefaan Minnaert, former librarian of the House of the White Fathers in Rome, reveals the original documents, somewhat different from the holy story told for the edification of Christians. We learn here that at the mission of Rwaza in 1904, Father Léon Classe, future bishop of Rwanda, did not disdain to use firearms to punish the natives who refused to work on the construction of the mission. This use of force is not stranger to the death of Father Loupias in 1910.

6 septembre 2013 Minnaert, Stefaan
Musinga et les Pères Blancs : Rapport politique confidentiel du 24 Mars 1918

This report of a Belgian officer from 1918 shows the attempts of the Mwami Musinga to preserve his power while his country is beset by the Europeans. Threatened by the Belgians coming from the Congo, he accepted the German domination. But the Belgians with their Force publique fought the Germans out of Ruanda-Urundi in 1916. They put the Mwami in jail for treason but then change their minds.The country is devastated by the war. The White Fathers, many of whom are French, welcome Belgians.They will further increase their power to the detriment of traditional authorities. The Mwami here confides his grievances against them. He asks that they confine themselves to their religion and stop interfering in the affairs of the country.

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